The current members of the panel
The panel is composed of seven persons chosen from among former Members of the Court of Justice and the General Court of the European Union, members of national Supreme Courts and jurists of recognised competence, one of whom is proposed by the European Parliament.
The members of the panel are appointed for a period of four years by the Council, on the initiative of the President of the Court of Justice.
On 20 April 2020, Mr Allan Rosas was appointed President of the panel, which was previously presided by Mr Christiaan Timmermans (see Council Decision No 2020/539 of 15 April 2020). The panel is currently composed of Mr Allan Rosas, Mr Frank Clarke, Ms Julia Laffranque, Mr Carlos Lesmes Serrano, Ms Maria Eugénia Martins de Nazaré Ribeiro, Mr Andreas Voßkuhle and Mr Mirosław Wyrzykowski (see Council Decision No 2017/2262 of 4 December 2017 and Council Decision No 2021/47 of 21 January 2021).
[see also Previous composition of the panel]
Born 1948; doctorate in law from the University of Turku (Finland); Professor of Law at the University of Turku (1978-1981) and Åbo Akademi University (Turku/Åbo) (1981-1996), and Director of the Institute for Human Rights at the latter (1985-1995); represented the Finnish Government as a member of, or adviser to, Finnish delegations at various international conferences and meetings; expert member of governmental and parliamentary legal committees in Finland, as well as at the United Nations, UNESCO, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe (1977-1995); Director and Principal Legal Adviser at the Legal Service of the European Commission, in charge of external relations (1995-2001); Deputy Director-General of the Legal Service of the European Commission (2001 2002); Judge at the Court of Justice (2002-2019); Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, the University of Ghent and the University of Helsinki, and Senior Fellow at the University of Turku; member of the Independent Ethical Committee of the European Commission since 2019.
Born in 1950; Doctor of Laws (University of Warsaw, 1975); Habilitated Doctor (1986); Professor of Law at the University of Warsaw (1991); Head of the Department of Constitutional Freedoms and Rights at the Office of the Commissioner for Citizens’ Rights (1988-1990); member of the Prime Minister's Legislative Council (1990-1993 and 1996-2001); Professor at the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law (1990-1995); Deputy Dean (1996-1999) and Dean (1996-1999) of the Faculty of Law of the University of Warsaw; Director of the Centre for Constitutionalism and Legal Culture at the Public Affairs Institute (1996-2001); Visiting Professor of the Central European University in Budapest (1997-2014); Member of the Legal Advisory Committee of the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1999-2001 and 2012-2016); Justice at the Constitutional Tribunal (2001-2010); President of the Legal Science Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences (2011-2015); Lecturer at, among others, the universities of Paris (Sorbonne), Bonn, Sydney, Konstanz, Bayreuth; member of the panel appointed under Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since February 2016.
Born in 1951 ; degree in mathematics and economics from University College, Dublin (1972); Barrister-at-Law, King's Inns, Dublin (1973); Junior Counsel (1973 -1985); Senior Counsel (1985-2004); Professor at King's Inns (1978-1995); Chair of the Bar Council (1993-1995); Bencher of King's Inns (1995); member of the Council of the International Bar Association (1997-2004), co-Chair of the Forum for Barristers and Advocates (1998-2002); Chair of the Council of King's Inns (1999-2004); Judge of the High Court (2004-2012); Chair of the Referendum Commission on the second Referendum on the Lisbon Treaty (2009); Judge in Residence at Griffith College, Dublin (since 2010); Adjunct Professor, Trinity College, Dublin (since 2012); Adjunct Professor, University College, Cork (since 2013); Griffith College Distinguished Fellowship Award (2017); Judge of the Supreme Court (2012-2017); Chief Justice (since 2017); member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2018.
Carlos Lesmes Serrano
Born in 1958 ; graduated in Law from the Autonomous University of Madrid (1980); Judge of the Court in San Mateo, Castellón de la Plana (1984); Lawyer for the State Prosecutor’s Office in the Provincial Court of Alicante (1984); Prosecutor at the High Court of Justice of the Autonomous Region of Madrid (1985-1992); Prosecutor before the Constitutional Court (1992-1993) Specialist Magistrate-Judge in the Chamber of Contentious-Administrative Matters of the High Court of Justice of the Autonomous Region of Valencia (1993- 1996); Director General of Conscientious Objection (Ministry of Justice) (1996-2000); Director General of Relations with the Judicial Administration (Ministry of Justice) (2000-2004); President of the Chamber of Contentious-Administrative Matters of the National High Court (1997-2005); acting President of the National High Court (2008-2009); Magistrate-Judge of the Third Chamber (for Contentious-Administrative Matters) of the Supreme Court (since 2010); President of the Supreme Court and the General Council of the Judiciary (since 2013); member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2018.
Maria Eugenia Martins De Nazare Ribeiro
Born 1956; studied in Lisbon, Brussels and Strasbourg; member of the Bar in Portugal and Brussels; independent researcher at the Institut d'études européennes de l'Université libre de Bruxelles (Institute for European Studies, Free University of Brussels); Legal Secretary to the Portuguese Judge at the Court of Justice, Mr Moitinho de Almeida (1986-2000), then to the President of the Court of First Instance, Mr Vesterdorf (2000-03); Judge at the General Court (2003-2016), President of Chamber (2007-2010 and 2013-2016); President of the ‘Rules of Procedure’ committee of the General Court (2013-2016); Member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2018.
Born 1963 ; studied at the Universities of Bayreuth and Munich (1983-1989); Doctor of Laws of the University of Munich (1992); obtained university accreditation at the University of Augsburg (1998); appointed University Professor at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau, Director of the Institute for Political Science and the Philosophy of Law (1999); Fellow of the Berlin Institute for Advanced Study (2006-2007); member of the Social Sciences section of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences (since 2007) and of the National Academy of Sciences – Leopoldina (since 2018); Vice-President of the Federal Constitutional Court and President of the Second Chamber of the Court (since 2008); President of the Federal Constitutional Court (since 2010); Member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2014.
Born 1974; Law studies: Hamburg University (Germany), Tartu University (Estonia); LL.M (Magistra legum), Westfälische Wilhelms University, Münster (Germany), post-graduate studies: Kiel University (Germany), European University-Institute (Florence, Italy); doctorate in law, University of Tartu (Estonia); European Union law expert, head of European Union law and foreign relations division and Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice (Estonia) (1996 - 2004); secondments to the Legal Service of European Commission, ministries of justice of France and Sweden, State Council of France and German federal administrative court; lecturer and assistant professor of European Law at various universities 1999-2010; Professor of European Law at the University of Tartu 2011-2016, since 2016 visiting professor; Justice at the Supreme Court of Estonia (2004-2011 and 2020); Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (2011-2016); Judge at the European Court of Human Rights (2011-2020); Deputy Director of the European Law Academy (ERA) 2021; President of the International Federation of European Law (FIDE) (2010-2021), President of the Consultative Council of European Judges of Council of Europe (CCJE) (2008-2010), Member of the Scientific Committee of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).