The current members of the panel
The panel is composed of seven persons chosen from among former Members of the Court of Justice and the General Court of the European Union, members of national Supreme Courts and jurists of recognised competence, one of whom is proposed by the European Parliament.
The members of the panel are appointed for a period of four years by the Council, on the initiative of the President of the Court of Justice.
The panel is currently composed of Mr Allan Rosas (President of the panel), Mr Frank Clarke, Ms Julia Laffranque, Ms Maria Eugénia Martins de Nazaré Ribeiro, Ms Barbara Pořízková, Silvana Sciarra and Mr Vassilios Skouris (members of the panel), who were appointed by Council Decision (EU) 2021/2232 of 14 December 2021 appointing the members of the panel provided for in Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The term of office of the panel in its current composition runs from 1 March 2022 to 28 February 2026.
[see also the compositions of the panel since 2010]
Born 1948; doctorate in law from the University of Turku (Finland); Professor of Law at the University of Turku (1978-1981) and Åbo Akademi University (Turku/Åbo) (1981-1996), and Director of the Institute for Human Rights at the latter (1985-1995); represented the Finnish Government as a member of, or adviser to, Finnish delegations at various international conferences and meetings; expert member of governmental and parliamentary legal committees in Finland, as well as at the United Nations, UNESCO, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe (1977-1995); Director and Principal Legal Adviser at the Legal Service of the European Commission, in charge of external relations (1995-2001); Deputy Director-General of the Legal Service of the European Commission (2001 2002); Judge at the Court of Justice (2002-2019); Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, the University of Ghent and the University of Helsinki, and Senior Fellow at the University of Turku; member of the Independent Ethical Committee of the European Commission since 2019.
Born in 1951 ; degree in mathematics and economics from University College, Dublin (1972); Barrister-at-Law, King's Inns, Dublin (1973); Junior Counsel (1973 -1985); Senior Counsel (1985-2004); Professor at King's Inns (1978-1995); Chair of the Bar Council (1993-1995); Bencher of King's Inns (1995); member of the Council of the International Bar Association (1997-2004), co-Chair of the Forum for Barristers and Advocates (1998-2002); Chair of the Council of King's Inns (1999-2004); Judge of the High Court (2004-2012); Chair of the Referendum Commission on the second Referendum on the Lisbon Treaty (2009); Judge in Residence at Griffith College, Dublin (since 2010); Adjunct Professor, Trinity College, Dublin (since 2012); Adjunct Professor, University College, Cork (since 2013); Griffith College Distinguished Fellowship Award (2017); Judge of the Supreme Court (2012-2017); Chief Justice (2017-2021); Pro Chancellor of the University of Dublin and President of the Law Reform Commission (since 2022); member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2018.
Born 1974; Law studies: Hamburg University (Germany), Tartu University (Estonia); LL.M (Magistra legum), Westfälische Wilhelms University, Münster (Germany), post-graduate studies: Kiel University (Germany), European University-Institute (Florence, Italy); doctorate in law, University of Tartu (Estonia); European Union law expert, head of European Union law and foreign relations division and Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice (Estonia) (1996 - 2004); secondments to the Legal Service of European Commission, ministries of justice of France and Sweden, State Council of France and German federal administrative court; lecturer and assistant professor of European Law at various universities 1999-2010; Professor of European Law at the University of Tartu 2011-2016, since 2016 visiting professor; Justice at the Supreme Court of Estonia (2004-2011 and 2020); Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (2011-2016); Judge at the European Court of Human Rights (2011-2020); Deputy Director of the European Law Academy (ERA) 2021; President of the International Federation of European Law (FIDE) (2010-2021), President of the Consultative Council of European Judges of Council of Europe (CCJE) (2008-2010), Member of the Scientific Committee of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).
Maria Eugénia Martins De Nazaré Ribeiro
Born 1956; studied in Lisbon, Brussels and Strasbourg; member of the Bar in Portugal and Brussels; independent researcher at the Institut d'études européennes de l'Université libre de Bruxelles (Institute for European Studies, Free University of Brussels); Legal Secretary to the Portuguese Judge at the Court of Justice, Mr Moitinho de Almeida (1986-2000), then to the President of the Court of First Instance, Mr Vesterdorf (2000-03); Judge at the General Court (2003-2016), President of Chamber (2007-2010 and 2013-2016); President of the ‘Rules of Procedure’ committee of the General Court (2013-2016); Member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2018.
Born in 1968; Doctor of Laws from the Masaryk University in Brno (2000); public finance officer at the Tax Directorate in Brno (1993-2001); Jurisconsult at PricewaterhouseCoopers (2001-2006); judge at the Czech Supreme Administrative Court since 2006 and its Vice-President since 2018, member of its Grand Chamber (since 2013) and President of its Ninth Chamber (since 2014); regular representative of the Czech Supreme Administrative Court at the Association of the Councils of State and Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions of the EU (since 2015); trainee judge at the French Council of State (2016); member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2022.
Born in 1948; studied at the University of Bari; Harkness Fellow at UCLA and Harvard Law School (1974-1976); taught at the University of Siena, was a Fulbright Fellow at UCLA and visiting professor at several universities (Warwick, Columbia Law School, Cambridge, Stockholm, Lund, UCL, LUISS Rome); held the chair in European Labour and Social Law (1994-2003) at the European University Institute; Full Professor of European Labour and Social Law at the University of Florence (1990-2014, on leave when at the EUI); Doctor Honoris Causa in Law at the University of Stockholm (2006) and the University of Hasselt (2012); Judge at the Italian Constitutional Court, first woman elected by Parliament (since 2014); awarded Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (2017) and Hugo Sinzheimer prize (2015); member of the European Law Institute; member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2022.
Born in 1948; graduated in Law at the Free University of Berlin (1970), Doctor of Laws from the University of Hamburg (1973); Assistant and Curator at the Chair for Civil Procedural Law and General Procedural Law at the University of Hamburg (1972-1977); Professor of Administrative Law at the Democritus University of Thrace (1977-1980); Professor of Public Law at the University of Bielefeld (1980-1982); Full Professor of Public Law at the Aristotle University in Thessaloniki (1982-2015); Judge at the Court of Justice of the European Union (1999-2015) and its President (2003-2015); Affiliate Professor at the Bucerius Law School in Hamburg since 2016; Corresponding Member of the Academy of Athens; Honorary Bencher of the Honorable Society of Lincoln's Inn; Chairman of the Adjudicatory Chamber of the Ethics Committee of FIFA; member of the panel provided for by Article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union since March 2022.